January 19, 2020
How Will the SECURE Act Affect Your Retirement Plan?
We can help you make sense of the SECURE Act — and avoid nasty surprises at tax time or during major life events. Contact the Dowling Group today to discuss the strategies that make the most sense for your situation. Please call 203‑967‑2231 or email us to request a consultation.
The Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement Act of 2019—the SECURE Act—was passed by Congress and signed by President Trump in the days leading up to Christmas. The new rules, which many consider the most significant overhaul to retirement planning since 2006, became effective almost immediately, on January 1, 2020.
Incorporated into a broader appropriations bill, the SECURE Act is aimed at helping Americans more easily participate in tax-advantaged retirement accounts as well as helping ensure that older retirees do not outlive their assets. But there are also changes that will have negative consequences to some of the most typical retirement planning strategies.
The Problem: Most Americans’ Retirement Savings Aren’t Where They Should Be
The challenges faced by our retirement system are well documented, from worries about Social Security’s reliability to the fact that most of us just don’t save enough for retirement.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, just more than half of American adults (55%) even participate in a workplace retirement plan, like a 401(k). And the ones who do participate are usually significantly underfunded; Vanguard announced earlier this year that its research showed that those 65 years and older had median 401(k) balances of less than $60,000.
The SECURE Act was designed to address these concerns by encouraging more employers to offer retirement plans by lowering costs and reducing some of the risks.
Key Benefits of the SECURE Act
While the SECURE Act contains 29 provisions aimed at helping us better save for retirement, here are a few of the highlights:
- It offers tax incentives to small businesses to set up automatic enrollment in retirement plans
- It allows employers to join with other companies and offer joint-retirement plans, which should help keep costs down
- It allows many part-time workers to participate in employer-sponsored retirement plans
- It creates a new early withdrawal penalty tax exemption of up to $5,000 from an IRA to use for childcare costs
- It pushes back the Required Minimum Distribution Age from 70½ to 72
- It allows for the inclusion of more lifetime- income options, including annuities
But There Are Some Major Concerns…
While many are suggesting that the SECURE Act is the biggest overhaul to retirement planning since the Pension Act of 2006, there are a few provisions giving financial advisors pause.
Annuities: The SECURE Act creates new rules that will expand the lifetime-income options – including annuities – within retirement plans. But investors would be wise to think more than twice before buying an annuity within their retirement plan.
For one thing, the costs of annuities are generally high. But perhaps more worrisome than the high costs is that the trustees of your retirement plan will not have the same fiduciary duty when they select annuity providers. While they will still have fiduciary responsibility for selecting the mutual funds in the plan, the SECURE Act only requires the trustees to collect the insurance company information, not perform any real due diligence. And that could present some challenges down the road for employees.
Tax Increase? Many financial advisors are warning that certain provisions of the SECURE Act will result in a tax increase for some. And the truth is, that will happen. It will happen because one of the main parts of the SECURE Act changes the “stretch” tax provisions that allows inherited IRAs to be stretched out over the lives of multiple beneficiaries.
So, going forward, the tax increase won’t come from the account holders directly, but will impact those who inherit retirement accounts, because the tax bill will be paid by those future heirs when they withdraw money out of inherited retirement accounts over a now-condensed 10-year period.
Pay Attention to the RMD Rule, Too
Retirees close to the Required-Minimum-Distribution Age need to be careful too. If you turned 70½ in 2019 you will still have to take an RMD by April 1, 2020, and another RMD by the end of 2020. And for those who turned 70½ in 2019, failing to take your RMD will result in a big penalty – possibly up to a 50% tax on the amount not distributed as required. If on the other hand, you turn age 70½ in 2020 or later, you don’t have to start taking RMDs until age 72.
The Bottom Line: Connect With Your Advisor to Update Your Plan Now
The SECURE Act changes a lot of the rules surrounding retirement plans, and while many of them are simple, others are very complex.
As seasoned tax experts and financial planners, we at The Dowling Group feel confident that we will be better able to adapt to these new rules in a proactive way, minimizing disruption to our clients’ retirement and financial plans.
To discuss exactly how you can stay ahead the issues that pertain to your plans, please call 203‑967‑2231 or email email@example.com. And as always, please feel free to share the information above with colleagues or family members if you believe they would find it useful.
Sean M. Dowling, CFP, EA
President, The Dowling Group Wealth Management
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